HUBUNGAN TINGKAT KECEMASAN DENGAN KUALITAS HIDUP PASIEN GAGAL GINJAL KRONIK YANG MENJALANI TERAPI HEMODIALISA DI RUMAH SAKIT PANTI RAPIH YOGYAKARTA
Background: Chronic renal failure and hemodialysis therapy are events that can cause a psychological response in the form of anxiety, which, if not treated properly, will reduce the quality of life for hemodialysis patients.
Objective: This study aims to determine the relationship between anxiety levels and quality of life for hemodialysis patients.
Methods: This study is a correlation study with a cross sectional approach. The sample of the study was 163 respondents who were taken randomly from all hemodialysis patients at Panti Rapih Hospital, Yogyakarta. Data collection using a questionnaire. Data analysis used univariate and bivariate presentation analysis with the Spearman correlation test.
Results: The description of the characteristics of the most respondents aged> 60 years was 46.6%, male was 60.1%, undergraduate education level was 36.2%, retired 30.1%, length of undergoing hemodialysis <5 years was 81, 6% with the highest cause of hypertension 50.9%. An overview of the level of anxiety 31.3% of respondents did not experience anxiety, 27% mild, moderate 17.2%, 22.7% severe, and 1.8% severe anxiety. In terms of quality of life, most respondents had a moderate quality of life as much as 38%, 32.5% good, 16.6% poor, very good 12.3%, and at least 0.6% poor quality of life. Based on the results of the Spearman correlation test, there is a significant, moderate relationship between the level of anxiety and the quality of life of the patient with a P value of 0.000 (P value <0.05), the Correlation Coefficient number r = -0.578, the direction of the relationship is negative, which means that if the level of anxiety increases, then quality of life has decreased.
Conclusion: Given that anxiety is related to quality of life, nurses need to improve dialysis services through holistic therapy modalities by involving patients and families so that they can continue to support the improvement of a better quality of life for hemodialysis patients.